Four Images follow.
During the 19 August 1942 raid, 27 Churchill tanks were disembarked. One advanced
past the beach to the edge of the town. Others had one or both tracks
disabled or broken because of slippage on the beach pebbles. The French call the
slippery pebbles "galets". In English they are shingles. It is a shingle beach.
All of the crew members of the 27 tanks were killed.|
I, Glenn Bowie, was born in an eastend suburb of Toronto in 1932. I remember skipping stones on the shore of Lake Ontario. Shingle beach properties were known widely.
Why were Churchill tanks not used on Canadian shingle beaches before the raid on Dieppe?
The cliffs of Dover, England, are directly across the English Channel from those
at Dieppe, Normandy, in a N-S direction. I have seen reference to those at Dover as being Cretaceous
chalk. Near the end of WWII, a plaintiff song sung by
Vera Lynn was often played on the radio. The title: "There'll be Bluebirds Over the
White Cliffs of Dover".|
The sea cliff you see here was near a community called Varengeville. We are at the site of a gap in the cliff.
My wife Nancy and I visited Dieppe in 1979 and 1984 to obtain background information for Nancy to write her novel. Nancy used "Shadows On St. Germain" as a fictional name for the Varengeville community.
The cliffs along the Normandy coast are carbonates. They were formed by solidification of deposits formed in a marine environment. They share that history with rocks that cap the bluffs along Highway 61 from Red Wing to Winona.
Have you seen a shingle beach on public property along the shore of Lake Pepin? If not, try to visit the north shore of Lake Superior near Naniboujou Lodge. You will find a shingle beach there. Be sure to skip some stones.